As some of the recently posted blogs have talked about CMMI, we will directly be going into the details of CMMI V1.2 for development.
CMMI-DEV basically is a collection of practices that, when implemented, improve product quality and also both project and organizational performance or we can say this model is a tool that helps organizations to improve their ability to develop and maintain quality products and services. CMMI-DEV organizes practices into 22 “process areas” with 13 practices, called “generic practices” .Based on the business needs and priorities, organizations select one or more process areas and sets of generic practices to implement.
A new version of CMMI is released every 3-5years. This process includes receiving requests for changes from users of previous version and these change requests are reviewed by a team of members from industry, government, and the SEI to determine the changes to make to the process areas, practices, and their descriptions.
The photo attached gives the overview of the process area of CMMI DEV and to which Maturity Level & category it belongs to in CMMI.
1. Requirements Management (REQM) : manage all requirements received or generated by the project, including both technical and nontechnical requirements. also the requirements imposed by organization.
2. Project Planning (PP) : This area involves following activities
- development of project plan.
- interacting with the stakeholders.
- maintain the plan developed.
3. Project Monitoring and Control (PMC) : In this process area we comprehend the project’s progress so that concerned corrective steps can be taken when the project’s performance deviates from the plan developed above.
4.Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) : This manage the acquisition of products and services from suppliers. A supplier agreement is established to manage the relationship between the organization and the supplier. A supplier agreement is any written agreement between the organization (representing the project) and the supplier. This agreement can be a contract, license, service level agreement, or memorandum of agreement.
5. Quantitative Project Management (QPM): This helps in achieving the project’s established quality and process performance objectives.
6. Integrated Project Management (IPM) : This basically establishes the project’s define process at project startup and manages the project using the project’s defined process. This also addresses the coordination of all activities associated with the project.
7. Risk Management (RSKM): As we all know, risk management is a continuous, that is an important part of project management. This involves the identification of potential risk before the occur, so that the predefined steps can be taken as and when needed throughout the life of project.
8. Measurement and Analysis (MA) : This involves-
- specifying objectives of measurement and analysis.
- specifying measures, analysis techniques, and mechanism for data collection, storage, reporting and feedback.
- implementing the above specified techniques.
9. Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA): This involves-
- evaluating the performed processed and work products against standards.
- identifying and documenting the noncompliance issues.
- giving feedback to project staff and managers.
- ensuring that noncompliance issues are addressed.
10. Configuration Management (CM) : This serves the propose of establishing and maintaining the integrity of work products using configuration identification, configuration control, configuration status accounting, and configuration audits.
11. Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR): The purpose of this process area is to analyze possible decisions using a formal evaluation process that evaluates identified alternatives against established criteria. This involves establishing guidelines to determine which issues should be subject to a formal evaluation process and applying formal evaluation processes to these issues.
12. Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR): The purpose of CAR is to identify causes of selected outcomes and take action to improve process performance, which in turns improves quality and productivity by preventing the introduction of defects or problems and by identifying and appropriately incorporating the causes of superior process performance.
13. Requirements Development (RD): The purpose of this process area is to establish requirements, which includes customer requirements, product requirements, and product component requirements.
14. Technical Solution (TS): This process area is applicable at any level of the product architecture. The purpose is to select, design, and implement solutions to requirements.
15. Product Integration (PI): This process area basically deals with the integration of components into more complex components or even complete product. Also it ensure that the product after integration behaves properly and then delivers the product.
16. Validation (VAL): As the term validation means finding or testing the truth of something in the same context this is used here. The purpose of validation is to check that the product fulfills its intended use when placed the environment where the product is to be used.
17.Verification (VER): This process area involves the verification of preparation and performance. The purpose is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements.
18. Organizational Process Focus (OPF): This process area involves the through study and understanding of the organization’s processes and process assets so as to come out with the strengths and weakness to make the improvements.
19. Organizational Process Definition (OPD): This process area enable consistent process execution across the organization and provide a long-term benefits to the organization. The purpose is to is to establish and maintain a usable set of organizational process assets, work environment standards, and rules and guidelines for teams.
20.Organizational Training (OT): This deals with the training provided in the organization to develop skills and knowledge of people so they can perform their roles effectively and efficiently.
21.Organizational Process Performance (OPP) : The purpose is to establish and maintain a quantitative understanding of the performance of selected processes in the organization’s set of standard processes in support of achieving quality and process performance objectives, and to provide process performance data, baselines, and models to quantitatively manage the organization’s projects.
22. Organizational Performance Management (OPM) : This involves the iteratively analyzing aggregated project data, identifying gaps in performance against the business objectives, and selecting and deploying improvements to close the gaps so that the organization meets its business objectives.
The following link gives the detailed description of the above mentioned process areas -http://www.cmmi.de/#el=CMMI-DEV/0/HEAD/folder/folder.CMMI-DEV