Unit 2: Need for institutions to standardize design process – kishore k

Standardisation refers to the process of developing and implementing technical standards.

Standardized Design Process depends on the collection and dissemination and it drastically reduces learning curve for new users.Less training burdens on current staff. Less time spent looking for answers. Less out-of-standard errors. Far less time to develop new products in conjunction with more time to spend on them.

Some of the Standardized Design Process solutions are:

Rapid creation and deployment of new standards
Easy access to standards
Assured compliance with regulatory, company, industry, and other standards.
Standards are never outdated
Homogenization of “tribal” knowledge
Higher stakeholder buy-in
Institutions seek to standardize processes for several important reasons. Within an institution, standardization can facilitate communications about how the business operates, enable smooth handoffs across process boundaries, and make possible comparative measures of performance. Across companies, standard processes can make commerce easier for the same reasons—better communications, more efficient handoffs, and performance benchmarking. Since information systems support processes, standardization allows uniform information systems within institutions as well as standard systems interfaces among different firms.

Standard processes also allow easier outsourcing of process capabilities. In order to effectively outsource processes, organizations need a means of evaluating three things in addition to cost. First is the external provider’s set of activities and how they flow. institutions need a set of standards for process activities so that they can communicate easily and efficiently when discussing outsourced processes.

Secondly, institutions need a set of process management standards that indicate how well their processes are managed and measured and whether they’re on course for continuous improvement.  Process management standards are based on the assumption that good process management will eventually result in good process flows and performance. In some domains such as information technology and manufacturing, these standards are already in wide use (via the Software Engineering Institute’s Capability Maturity Model and the ISO 9000 series, respectively).

Example : When the Capability Maturity Model model is applied to an existing organization’s software-development processes, it allows an effective approach toward improving them.

ISO 9000 quality management approach and ISO 9001 registration assist organization and it assures customers that the company has a good Quality Management System (QMS) in place. The concept of executing an ISO 9000 quality process allows company to have access to a wider market for the products, particularly in the international arena and also within our own country.

ISO 9001:2008 for organizaitions contains the requirements an organization must comply with to become ISO 9001 Registered.and ISO 9004:2009 containg Managing for the sustained success of an organization.Other ISO quality standards were created to support the ISO 9000 family which includes -ISO 10001 (2007) Quality Management – Customer Satisfaction.Guidelines for Codes of Conduct for Organizations.ISO 10004 (2010) Processes to monitor/measure customer satisfaction.ISO 10005 (2005) Guidelines for the development, review, acceptance, application and revision of quality plans.ISO 10006 (2003) Guidance on the application of quality management in projects.

For health care information infrastructures following standards were defined:

Structure for Nomenclature, Classification and Coding of Properties in Clinical Laboratory Sciences
Structure for Classification and Coding of Surgical Procedures
Medicinal Product Identification Standard,Medical Imaging and Related Data Interchange Format Standards,Medical Image Management Standard


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